Hybrid electric vehicles

Hybrid car features The addition of a battery-powered electric motor increases the fuel efficiency of hybrids in a number of ways.

The Honda Insight first generation stopped being produced after and has a devoted base of owners. The auto industry recently focused on this hybrid configuration as it now shows promise for introduction into smaller vehicles.

Different hybrids also use different types of "drivetrains," the mechanical components that deliver power to the driving wheels. All of these factors are making CNG-Gasoline bi-fuel vehicles very attractive. The system components were expensive which precluded installation in smaller trucks and cars.

Both cars are equipped with a 1. Flexible-fuel vehicles can use a mixture of input fuels mixed in one tank — typically gasoline and ethanolmethanolor biobutanol. Power-assist mechanisms for bicycles and other human-powered vehicles are also included see Motorized bicycle.

According to Peugeot the Hybrid electric vehicles hybrid delivers a fuel economy of up to 62 miles per US gallon 3. The redesigned Toyota Prius second generation improved passenger room, cargo area, and power output, while increasing energy efficiency and reducing emissions.

The system does not use air motors to drive the vehicle, being directly driven by a hybrid engine.

How Hybrids Work

A second-generation Insight was launched in A small fossil fuelled piston engine sized for average power use charges the accumulator. When the term hybrid vehicle is used, it most often refers to a Hybrid electric vehicle.

It has the range needed in locations where there are wide gaps with no services. Research is underway in large corporations and small companies. They also pollute less and save drivers money through fuel savings. S in late There are many types of petroleum-electric hybrid drivetrainsfrom Full hybrid to Mild hybridwhich offer varying advantages and disadvantages.

A hybrid electric vehicle HEV is a type of vehicle that uses both an electric engine and a conventional internal combustion engine. HEVs usually have the following properties: In most cases the engine is detached from the drivetrain, serving solely to charge the energy accumulator. His home-converted Opel GT was reported to return as much as 75 mpg with plans still sold to this original design, and the "Mother Earth News" modified version on their website.

Hybrid fuel dual mode [ edit ] Ford Escape Plug-in Hybrid with a flexible fuel capability to run on E85 ethanol In addition to vehicles that use two or more different devices for propulsionsome also consider vehicles that use distinct energy sources or input types " fuels " using the same engine to be hybrids, although to avoid confusion with hybrids as described above and to use correctly the terms, these are perhaps more correctly described as dual mode vehicles: The advantages of HEVs include: These vehicles are only beginning to come to market, but offer great potential as a low-carbon alternative to conventional cars and trucks as they have no tailpipe emissions, reduced global warming emissionsand can be refueled at a filling station similar to a gasoline vehicle.

Oil consumption is less than that of conventional vehicles.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Patton filed a patent application for a gasoline-electric hybrid rail-car propulsion system in earlyand for a similar hybrid boat propulsion system in mid The battery provides energy for the air conditioner and accessories while the vehicle idles at stoplights or in traffic, and the electric motor can start the vehicle moving again.

The BMW i, gave double the mpg in city driving compared to the standard car. Carbon-based emission is lower, which makes HEVs more eco-friendly. Updating the required electrical and infrastructure costs could perhaps be funded by toll revenue or by dedicated transportation taxes.

If needed, the conventional engine will reengage to provide more power for acceleration. The first mass-produced hybrid vehicle was the Toyota Priuslaunched in Japan inand followed by the Honda Insightlaunched in in the United States and Japan.

Liquified petroleum gas and natural gas are very different from petroleum or diesel and cannot be used in the same tanks, so it would be impossible to build an LPG or NG flexible fuel system.

Hybrid vehicle

Some electric trolleybuses can switch between an on-board diesel engine and overhead electrical power depending on conditions see dual mode bus. The pump is highly efficient at all speed ranges and loads, giving feasibility to small applications of petro-hydraulic hybrids.

The same hybrid powertrain was also used to power the Saturn Aura Greenline and Malibu Hybrid models.But it's the third variant -- the Honda Clarity Plug-in Hybrid-- that is a new benchmark among "green" cars, and this year’s Best Buy Award winner among Electric/Hybrid vehicles.

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of gasoline engines and electric motors and can be configured to meet different objectives such as improved fuel economy, increased power, or additional auxiliary power for electronic devices and power tools.

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Hybrid cars are sometimes mistakenly confused with electric vehicles. Hybrids are most often gasoline-burning machines that utilize their electric bits to collect and reuse energy that normally Drive Train: FWD. A hybrid vehicle uses two or more distinct types of power, such as internal combustion engine to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, e.g.

in diesel-electric trains using diesel engines to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, and submarines that use diesels when surfaced and batteries when submerged. Aug 28,  · News about electric and hybrid vehicles. Commentary and archival information about electric and hybrid cars from The New York Times.

View the top-ranked Hybrid and Electric Cars at U.S. News. See how the Toyota Camry Hybrid, Toyota Avalon Hybrid and Chevrolet Bolt compare with the rest.

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Hybrid electric vehicles
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