The result is the creation of an internal series of security walls that ensure the creation of information silos. If we further submit to the politics of fear, terrorism steadily gains the upper hand.
On average, they are well-educated and come from secular educational institutes, with academic training frequently in the sciences or in technology. However, the requirement to confront transnational terrorism suggests that a shared view or conception of terrorism should exist across national boundaries — a shared view encompassing terrorist objectives, ideology, strategy and tactics.
If a greater emphasis were placed on knowledge and open source intelligence, agencies and governments would also find themselves in a better position to share and discuss how to form a common understanding and response. Terrorism, as noted above, is the methodology of the weaker power as it attempts to change the policies of the stronger power.
It is required for a variety of valid reasons, such as the general shielding of current investigations or operations, or the specific protection of the names of sources and agents who provide critical information.
If a terrorist group actually had widespread influence, it would not need to resort to the high-risk status of becoming a terrorist group. In late Augustthree individuals were arrested in Ottawa and London Ontario on terrorism charges. Suspicion continues to exist that at least some of the refugees may be former members of, or otherwise linked to, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam LTTEa group proscribed as a terrorist entity in Canada and many other countries.
The report examined past issues concerning the murder of people by Sikh terrorists in Canada — many of them naturalized Canadian citizens — who put bombs on two Air India flights.
It normally fails to meet its objectives. They were apparently inspired by the ideology of global jihad. In order to arrive at these figures, RAND, known for its close relationship to the US military, studied the outcome of hundreds of terrorist campaigns.
The core goals of such terrorism, however, are common, and this commonality must be universally understood among those nations that might be targeted.
The primary weapon of terrorism is fear — not the bomb or the gun. From there, a coherent and common response to terrorism properly understood is required, especially from democratic states; that is, from those states that, by virtue of their openness and cross-integration, are perhaps most vulnerable to attack and more susceptible to the fear of terrorism.
Its employees were forbidden from identifying themselves as members of the agency; there were no signs on their buildings.
It was not designed to become a function unto itself. All too often, intelligence agencies adopt a culture of independence, forgetting that they are not there to serve themselves, but rather to provide inputs for policy-makers, the police and other interested parts of government.
Most terrorists come from stable, middle-class or privileged families. Among the various species of terrorism frequently indentified are ethno-national, political-religious, extreme left-right, single-issue and state-sponsored terrorism.
They are terrifyingly normal. Understanding the Ottawa arrests, the Tamil boat and the Air India report in order to tackle terrorism in its various forms Terrorism, like war, is the continuation of politics by other means. Terrorist attacks and goals depend on surprise — not just in the timing of the attack, but also in its methods and means.
If a terrorist group has attacked a country, then that country is, by implication, the stronger power, and it behooves it to act as such. The problems and solutions are both transnational. Dealing with terrorism is therefore not a new challenge, despite the various claims to such effect by opportunistic political leaders or those in the modern fear industry.
This will of the state must be expressed primarily through its various intelligence and enforcement organizations. However, senior figures in Singapore came to the conclusion that if the citizens of Singapore were to trust the agency, and if the agency was going to be able to obtain critical information from the populace, then the agency would have to start being a visible and normalized presence in Singapore.
When intelligence agencies become policy-makers and political actors in their own right, and seek to subvert both their intended roles and laws, terrorism gains more recruits.
It should follow, on this logic, that terrorism as a political act or campaign cannot be eradicated, despite claims to the contrary by political leaders.
While seemingly disparate, each of the arrests, the Tamil ship and the Air India report directly or indirectly demonstrate how an essential lack of contextual knowledge hampers the responses to the particular challenges posed by terrorism.
They do not typically suffer from mental disease or defects. All terrorism is political.
As noted in the Air India report, intelligence agencies still have a lot to learn about terrorism. Many types of terrorism exist, but each of these has the same objective of effecting change within, or in respect of, a political system through the threat or use of violence.Is the use of “terrorism” simply “war by other means”?
Using the Just War tenets of “Just Cause,” “Legitimate Authority,” “Last Resort,” and “Proportionality,” make an argument that justifies the use of terrorism by al-Qaeda. TERRORISM 2 Is Terrorism Justified?
Before exploring whether or not terrorism is a biased term derived by governments in power to delegitimize those with little power and if the use of terrorism is simply war by other means, the definition of terrorism must be explored%(12).
Terrorism, Justification and Illusion (found in the online classroom) c. Declaration of Jihad by Osama Bin Laden against the US Explain whether or not you believe “terrorism” is a biased term derived by governments in power to delegitimize those with little power and if you think the use of “terrorism” is simply “war by other means”.
Is The Use Of Terrorism Simply War By Other Means “Is The War On Terrorism A War?” The Global War on Terrorism is a military campaign that began shortly after the terrorist attacks of. Sep 08, · 'Yoo’s new book, War by Other Means: An Insider’s Account of the War on Terror, reads like a slippery lawyer’s brief submitted to a dim judge who gets all his information from Fox News.
Though Yoo’s misrepresentations and omissions should provoke outrage, his book will likely receive accolades from many conservative reviewers/5. A substantial number of politicians in many countries follow the guidelines of realpolitik and view terrorism as politics (or war) by other means.
Thus, a conclusion of this study is that there is no such thing as an "axis of evil"; or if there is one, it is a global axis.Download