Situational influences are personal perceptions and cognitions that can facilitate or impede behavior. The final behavioral demand is also influenced by the immediate competing demand and preferences, which can derail intended actions for promoting health.
They provide a basis for investigative work on health behaviors. There are thirteen theoretical statements that come from the model. Resources to Learn More. Interpersonal influences are cognition-concerning behaviors, beliefs, or attitudes of the others.
Positive affect toward a behavior results in greater perceived self-efficacy, which can in turn, result in increased positive affect.
Competing demands are those alternative behaviors over which individuals have low control because there are environmental contingencies such as work or family care responsibilities.
Perceived barriers can constrain commitment to action, a mediator of behavior as well as actual behavior. When positive emotions or affect are associated with a behavior, the probability of commitment and action is increased. The Health Promotion Model makes four assumptions: Individuals seek to actively regulate their own behavior.
It is a model that can assist in providing a complete perspective of the factors that affect specific health behaviors, including the social determinants of health.
Health professionals, such as nurses, constitute a part of the interpersonal environment, which exerts influence on people through their life span.
They influence self-efficacy, which means the more positive the subjective feeling, the greater the feeling of efficacy. Institutional and organizational factors, including the rules, regulations, policies, and informal structures that constrain or promote healthy behaviors.
Perceived barriers to action are anticipated, imagined, or real blocks and costs of understanding a given behavior. Competing preferences are alternative behavior over which individuals exert relatively high control. Activity-related affect is defined as the subjective positive or negative feeling that occurs based on the stimulus properties of the behavior itself.
Perceived self-efficacy is the judgment or personal capability to organize and execute a health-promoting behavior. Community factors, such as formal or informal social norms that exist among individuals, groups, or organizations, can limit or enhance healthy behaviors.
Persons can modify cognitions, affect, and the interpersonal and physical environment to create incentives for health actions.
Persons commit to engaging in behaviors from which they anticipate deriving personally valued benefits.Health Promotion Theories Bonnie Raingruber Objectives At the conclusion of this chapter, the student will be able to: Compare and contrast nursing and non-nursing health promotion theories.
Because of this, ecological frameworks can be used to integrate components of other theories and models, thus ensuring the design of a comprehensive health. Social and Behavioral Theories.
1. Learning Objectives. After reviewing this chapter, readers should be able to: development, implementation and evaluation of public health and health promotion interventions.
The following section defines theory and key types of theory in the context of the theories in health behavior research and. Theories of Health Promotion The following essay is a comparative analysis of two theories of health promotion, one which is a theory of and the other a theory for health promotion.
Health promoting behavior is the desired behavioral outcome, which makes it the end point in the Health Promotion Model.
These behaviors should result in improved health, enhanced functional ability and better quality of life at all stages of development. Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Theories and Models There are several theories and models that support the practice of health promotion and disease prevention.
Theories and models are used in program planning to understand and explain health behavior and to guide the identification, development, and implementation of interventions.Download